Friday, November 17, 2017

The Role of Geographical Landscape Studies for Sustainable Territorial Planning

A paper I co-authored with several colleagues under Iván Franch-Pardo discussing the role of different methods of geographic landscape delineation in territorial planning was just published in the open-access journal Sustainability. The paper examines the approach to landscape mapping and evaluation in five different methodologies situated along a gradient from predominantly physical to predominantly social (but still rooted in an epistemological approach that emphasizes material factors), and assesses how they contribute to territorial planning for "sustainability."

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

The prospects of terrace agriculture as an adaptation to climate change in Latin America

A paper I co-authored with Dr. Bocco regarding the potential role of terrace agriculture in helping peasant farmers cope with the effects of climate change was just published in Geography Compass

The prospects of terrace agriculture as an adaptation to climate change in Latin America

Gerardo Bocco and Brian M. Napoletano

Geography Compass 11(10): e12330
DOI: 10.1111/gec3.12330

Abstract
This paper analyzes slope management through terrace agriculture in
Latin America's hilly to mountainous terrain to assess the practice's
potential role in climate-change adaptation in the region. We review the
historical geography of slope management in variable climates and
highlight the role of social, rural innovation, and hybrid knowledge in
the face of climate change's effects on agriculture. Although the
literature on terrace agriculture in the region is extensive, further
research is needed to better foresee the future of terrace agriculture,
particularly in terms of its role in facing sustainability challenges
posed by future climate change.

Monday, May 8, 2017

Visibility analysis and landscape evaluation in Martin river cultural park (Aragon, Spain) integrating biophysical and visual units

Visibility analysis and landscape evaluation in Martin river cultural park (Aragon, Spain) integrating biophysical and visual units.

Iván Franch-Pardo, Luis Cancer-Pomar, and Brian M. Napoletano

Journal of Maps: Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 415-424. doi: 10.1080/17445647.2017.1319881

Abstract

The European Landscape Convention (ELC) has encouraged affiliated
countries to develop several assessment methodologies to facilitate land
management in an effort to develop compatible, integrative assessment
techniques that can be applied in diverse geographic settings. Here we
begin to address the question of how to develop comprehensive landscape
assessments based on the criteria of the ELC by integrating landscape
studies using biophysical and visual characteristics. We assessed
visibility, quality, and fragility to determine aptitude for protection
based on both biophysical and visual landscape units. We selected the
Martin River Cultural Park (Aragon, Spain) as a study area because it is
recognized as a site of cultural and geomorphological importance, it is
situated in a signatory country to the ELC, but has not been subject to
any landscape assessment. The resulting maps of aptitude for protection
can be used to prioritize landscapes for protection based on their
levels of quality and fragility.

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Informality and Geographic Rift in Latin America

Marginal Urbanisms: Informal and Formal Development in Cities of Latin America, a book I wrote a chapter for on geographic rift a few years back, has just been published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing. The chapter I wrote, with Jaime Panaque-Gálvez, Claudio Garibay Orozco, and Antonio Vieyra, is titled "Informality and Geographic Rift in Latin America." The book is available via the link below:

Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Marginal Urbanisms

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Fundamentos de ecología política: Acumulación por reprodución amplia y sus contradicciones


Notas para discusión: Acumulación por reproducción amplia y sus contradicciones
Brian Michael Napoletano
Fundamentos de ecología política

Lecturas
  • Rosa Luxemburg. 1951. The Accumulation of Capital. Chapters 1 & 32.
Discusión
Las contradicciones de la producción capitalista y el problema de reproducción
  • El sistema capitalista es el único en que la producción puede parar a pesar de la disponibilidad de los medios de producción y la mano de obra
    • Una sobra de capital y mano de obra sin una forma para combinarlos para generar ganancias
  • También, es el única en que se puede tener una crisis de sobreproducción mientras no satisface las necesidades de los personas
  • La ganancia es lo que determina la producción, o, más especifico, la creación y realización de plus-valor (véase abajo)
  • La producción es por productores aislados sin un plan y coordinación
  • ¿Cómo demonios es posible la reproducción en estas condiciones?